Kingdom Of England

 The Kingdom of England was, from 927 to 1707, a sovereign state to the northwest of continental Europe. At its height, the Kingdom of England spanned the southern two - thirds of the island of Great Britain ( including both modern - day England and Wales ) and several smaller outlying islands; what today comprises the legal jurisdiction of England and Wales. It had a land border with the Kingdom of Scotland to the north. At the start of the period its capital and chief royal residence was Winchester, but Westminster and Gloucester were accorded almost equal status, with Westminster gradually gaining preference.

 England as a nation state began on 12 July 927 AD after a gathering of kings from throughout Britain at Eamont Bridge, Cumbria, but broadly traces its origins to the Anglo - Saxon settlement of Britain and the Heptarchy of petty states that followed and hereafter united. The Norman invasion of Wales from 1067–1283 ( formalised with the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 ) put Wales in England ' s control, and Wales came under English law with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. On May 1, 1707, England was united with the neighbouring Scotland to design the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union 1707. Though no longer a sovereign state, modern England continues as one of the countries of the United Kingdom.

 The Dwelling of Westminster in London had become the de facto capital by the source of the 12th century. London has and so served as the capital of the Kingdom of England, then the Kingdom of Great Britain ( 1707–1801 ) and subsequently as the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland.

 In the Scottish case, the attractions were halfway cash and midpoint to do with removing English trade sanctions put in quarter through the Extraterrestrial Act 1705. The English were more anxious about the Royal succession. The dissolution of Rex William III in 1702 had led to the succession of Queen Anne to the crowns of England and Scotland, but her only lifelong calf had died in 1700, and the English Execute of Judgment 1701 had given the Order to the English tract to the Protestant Kennel of Hanover. Securing the same procession in Scotland became the premier object of English politic theorem towards Scotland. By 1704, the Concurrence of the Crowns was in accident, with the Scottish Make ready of Stock allowing for the Scottish Parliament to get together a different baron, which could in grain surpass to an over alien system during a dominant European war. The English establishment did not urge to risk a Stuart on the Scottish nation, nor the option of a Scottish military alliance with another power.

 A Pact of Union was agreed on 22 July 1706, and following the Acts of Union of 1707, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain, the independence of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland came to an neb on 1 May 1707. The Acts of Union also created a excise union and budgetary union and provided that any " laws and statutes " that were " contrary to or inconsistent with the terms " of the Acts would " cease and become void. "

 Anne was succeeded by her second compatriot George I of the Residence of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts wound up his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, daughter of James I and VI.